South of the city centre is the large fountained Moscow Square, originally built to be come the new centre of St. Petersburg. In it's centre there is a large statue of Vladimir Lenin, back dropped by the cities biggest office building, the enormous House Of Soviets.
13. Moskovskaya Ploshchad
Built in 1835 is the large blue domed Trinity Cathedral along with the 2004 addition of the Russo-Turkish War Memorial Column. Having been looted of it's valuables in 1922 then subsequently closed down and planned for demolition, the Cathedral survived only to suffer a major fire in 2006 collapsing the main dome and damaging the smaller ones. After it's restoration the Cathedral re-opened in 2010 and remains part of the St. Petersburg UNESCO World Heritage Site.
12. Trinity Cathedral
Built in 1800 in the historic centre of the city, St. Michael's Castle on the banks of the Fontanka River incorporates French Classicism, Italian Renaissance and Gothic designs, with each facade having a different style. Today, the former palace is now a museum and portrait gallery surrounded by the well maintained Mikhailovsky Gardens.
11. Mikhailovsky Castle
Work began on the Smolny Convent in the 1750's for the daughter of Peter The Great. It consists of a large walled complex surrounding another complex of white and sky blue buildings which themselves surround a tall decorative cathedral.
10. Smolny Convent
Founded by Peter The Great in 1703, the Peter & Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg. Used primarily as a prison and execution ground, the fortress today is part of the State Museum Of St. Petersburg History. The most notable building on the site is the Peter & Paul Cathedral, standing at 122 metres (402 ft) high with a gilded angel on top.
9. Peter & Paul Fortress
The neoclassical Shuvalov Palace in the centre of the city is home to one of the most well known museums on Earth, the Faberge Museum. Though the museum holds thousands of items that include fine arts, paintings, porcelain and bronze statues the highlight of the collection is the nine Imperial Easter Eggs created by Peter Carl Faberge for the last two Russian Tsars. The eggs were bought in 2004 for $100,000,000 (one hundred million dollars).
8. Faberge Museum
Built in 1811 the Cathedral Of Our Lady Of Kazan is a large Russian Orthodox church modelled on St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. This huge crescent building is every bit as striking inside as it is outside with white marble columns, decorative mural covered walls and numerous sculptures and icons created by the finest Russian artists of their time.
7. Kazan Cathedral
On Kotlin Island just to the west of St. Petersburg but still within its province is the enormous Naval Cathedral of Saint Nicholas in Kronstadt, a Russian Orthodox cathedral built in 1913. Standing at 70 metres (232 ft) high this giant domed church is considered a masterpiece of Neo Byzantine design, it's big open interior decoratively detailed with fine artwork covering the entire inside up through the dome itself.
6. Naval Cathedral Of St. Nicholas
Completed in 1858 standing at 101 metres (333 ft) high Saint Isaac's Cathedral is the largest Russian Orthodox Cathedral in St. Petersburg and the fourth largest cathedral in the world. Plated in pure gold, the large dome has influenced many cathedrals around the world including the United States Capital dome. The interior of the building is richly decorated in granite and marble showcasing wonderful artworks and mosaics.
5. Saint Isaac's Cathedral
The central square of the former Russian Empire, the scene of the 1905 Bloody Sunday Massacre and many other significant events in the countries history, Palace Square remains the central square of St. Petersburg. Surrounded by landmark buildings including the Winter Palace & Hermitage Museum and the Building Of The General Staff with Triumphal Arch the square centres around the 47 metre (155 ft) tall Alexander Column, the heaviest and tallest of it's kind in the world.
4. Palace Square
Completed in 1725 to the west of St. Petersburg city centre on the orders of Peter The Great is the Grand Peterhof Palace and garden complex, sometimes referred to as the Russian Versailles. Situated on the Gulf Of Finland the site includes island pavilions connected by small bridges, many fountains within the French styled landscape gardens and a few smaller palaces and outbuildings including the Church Of The Grand Palace. At it's heart lies the Grand Palace itself along with the Grand Cascade and Sampson Fountain, adorned with golden statues. The entire Palace Ensemble of Peterhof has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Peterhof Palace
First built in 1711, the Winter Palace was constructed on such a scale as to reflect the might and power of Imperial Russia who at the time ruled almost a sixth of the Earth. After a great fire in 1837 the palace was immediately rebuilt and still stands to this day. The grand green and white palace has 1,780 doors, 117 staircases and nearly 2,000 windows within it's 1,500 rooms and today holds the world famous Hermitage Museum. This wonderful historic building is part of the Historic Centre Of St. Petersburg UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Winter Palace
Completed in 1907 after 24 years under construction The Church Of The Saviour On Spilled Blood is a Russian Orthodox church built on the site where Emperor Alexander II was fatally wounded in 1881. Constructed to resemble the iconic St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow it is unlike any other architecture in St. Petersburg, with an interior that is covered in more mosaics than any other church on the planet, designed by some of the most celebrated Russian artists of their time. It is an absolutely stunning building inside and out, one of the most visited sights in the city and part of the Historic Centre Of St. Petersburg UNESCO World Heritage Site.