In the old town area of Kvadraturen, known as the Quadrature because of the rectangular street pattern of the old Renaissance town, visitors will find the Christiania Torv, a square known for its fountain with a sculpture of a hand pointing to the ground. After a fire destroyed the town in 1624 AD, the Danish Norwegian King Christian IV decided to build a new town, supposedly pointing to this spot and declaring this is where the new town would be built.
10. Christiania Torv
Built between 1931 and 1950 in the city centre lies the twin towered Oslo City Hall, one of the most iconic structures of the city. Typically a council building and hosting site of the annual Nobel Peace Prize ceremony, it has pride of place in Oslo harbour at the head of the Oslofjord.
9. Oslo Rådhus
In the Museum Of Cultural History within the University Of Oslo visitors will find the Viking Ship Museum, housing archaeological artifacts from Tune, Gokstad, Oseberg and the Borre mound cemetery. The museums most famous piece is the fully intact Oseberg ship, excavated from the largest known ship burial in the world. There is also a Gokstad ship and Tune ship, as well as many other smaller artifacts.
Pictured is the Oseberg ship.
8. Vikingskipshuset På Bygdøy
First constructed in 1892 AD, sitting to the north of Oslo city centre is the Holmenkollbakken, a large ski jumping hill that has been dismantled and rebuilt 19 times in its history, with the structure that stands there today dating from as recently as 2011. Beneath the ski slope is the ski museum, covering more than 4,000 years of skiing history and housing Norwegian polar exploration artifacts. The observation deck at the top of the slope is said to give visitors the best view over the centre of Oslo and Oslofjord.
7. Skimuseet I Holmenkollen
Completed in 1849 AD as the Norwegian residence of the French born King Charles III of Norway and Sweden is the grand Royal Palace, the current residence of the official monarch of Norway. With 173 rooms, this large building set within the Palace Square within the Palace Park is one of the grandest royal residence in the country.
6. Det Kongelige Slott
Completed in 1697 AD in what is now the old town of Oslo stands the Oslo Cathedral, formerly known as Our Saviour's Church. The main church of Norway, it is noted for its Baroque interior and its original organ, built by Carl Gustav Luckvits in 1711 AD.
5. Oslo Domkirke
Established in 1894 and opened to the public in 1901 is the Norwegian Museum Of Cultural History, the worlds first open air museum, today holding over 150 buildings relocated from towns and districts all over Norway. One of the museums oldest and more significant structures is the 13th century Gol Stave Church, partly demolished at the end of the 19th century. With much of the original structure remaining intact, the original murals and medieval artifacts put aside for preservation, the rest of the partly demolished remains were brought to Oslo in order to re-erect it to its original glory.
Pictured is the Gol Stave Church.
4. Norsk Folkemuseum
Built in 1290 AD in what is today Oslo old town, is the medieval Akershus Castle, one of the most important fortresses in the countries history. Built to protect and provide royal residence for the city, throughout the centuries it has been used as a military base, a prison and government offices, including that of the current Norwegian Prime Minister. Successfully having survived all sieges, primarily by the invading Swedish, Akershus Castle remains to this day one of the finest fortresses in Norway.
3. Akershus Festning
Completed in 2007 at the head of the Oslofjord, home to the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet is the Oslo Opera House, with over 1,100 rooms it is the largest building in the country. The way the roof angles down to ground level, it creates a plaza that invites visitors to walk to the top for panoramic views over Oslo and the Oslofjord. Since its construction it has become a major landmark of the capital.
To the north west of the city centre, part of Frogner Manor is the large public Frogner Park, famous for its many unusual sculptures. Covering an enormous 80 acres, the sculpture area of the park features 212 bronze and granite sculptures all designed by Gustav Vigeland, making it the largest sculpture park in the world created by a single artist. In 1940 the bridge was opened to the public, measuring 100 metres (328 ft) in length and 15 metres (49 ft) wide its lined with 58 sculptures, including one of the parks most famous statues, the Angry Boy. Undoubtedly though, the star attraction is the Monolith, deriving from the Latin word monolithus, meaning single stone. In 1927 a block of granite weighing several hundred tons was delivered to the park, and work began in 1929. It took three masons 14 years to complete it, being unveiled to the public at Christmas 1944. Standing 14 metres (46 ft) high it contains 121 human figures rising towards the sky. Froger Park is the most visited location in all of Norway.
Pictured is a piece called, Man Chasing Four Geniuses.