On Cornwallis Island, situated at the northern end of Resolute Bay and the Northwest Passage is the small town of Resolute, the second most northerly town in Canada and the seventh most northerly town on the planet. Known as Quasuittug in the Inuit language, it literally translates as 'Place With No Dawn.' Flat and barren in a landscape made up of mainly gravel, home to less than 200 people, it is also one of the coldest inhabited places in the world, with an average yearly temperature of -15.7 °C.
On Baffin Island, roughly 1 kilometre west from the city of Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut Territory is the 44 square kilometre (17 square mile) Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park. Relatively flat without trees or significant landmarks, the park is home to a large number of caribou, with visitors also having the chance to spit Arctic fox and even polar bear.
9. Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park
On mainland Canada, on the edge of Hudson Bay, encompassing part of the chain lakes is Iqalugaaejuup Nunanga Territorial Park, a name that translates as 'The Land Around The River Of Little Fishes'. Relatively flat, the terrain is made up of low tundra, cobbled crests and a large number of chain lakes. Home to 45 archaeological sites including house ruins of the ancient Thul people, visitors will also have the chance to spot caribou, Arctic fox, Arctic hare, and the rare chance of spotting a grizzly or polar bear.
8. Iqalugaarjuup Nunanga Territorial Park
In the extreme north west of Nunavut Territory, on Bathurst Island is the 11,000 square kilometre (4,247 square mile) Qausuittuq National Park, a name that translates as 'Place Where The Sun Does Not Rise'. Encompassing the high Arctic archipelago that includes the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Grinnell Peninsula, it also protects important Peary caribou habitat and the Polar Bear Pas National Wildlife Area. In an terrain of rolling hills, the temperatures range from lows of -35 °C in the winter to just 5 °C in the height of summer. Wildlife species that have adapted to this environment include Peary caribou, Arctic wolves & Arctic foxes with visitors alos having the chance to spot seals, polar bears, walruses, bowhead whales, beluga whales and narwhals.
7. Qausuittuq National Park
In the far south east of the territory, on Baffin Island is the largest community, the capital and only city of Nunavut, Iqaluit, a name that translates to mean, 'Place Of Fish'. Built on a flat area of land in the Everett Mountains, the smattering of low lying colourful buildings are like many towns found so far north, with the exception of the cities church. Built in 2012, St. Jude's Anglican Cathedral is the most iconic building in Nunavut, designed to represent an enormous igloo.
On mainland Canada, located at the far northern end of Hudson Bay and surrounding Wager Bay is the 20,885 square kilometre (8,064 square mile) Ukkusikasalik National Park. Among the vast tundra, coastal mud flats and river valleys, the park is home to sixteen species of mammal, these include caribou, Arctic wolves, muskoxen, wolverine and a large number of polar bears, with sea creatures such as walrus, seals and whales visible in Wager Bay. The park can only be visited for a very short period in the summer when the ice melts enough to allow boats in, with most visitors there to view the high number of polar bears. As the Inuit's say, 'During summertime you watch the polar bears. Afterwards, they will watch you.'
5. Ukkusiksalik National Park
At the northern end of the enormous Baffin Island, surrounded by the waters of Baffin Bay that separate Canada from Greenland is the 22,200 square kilometre (8,571 square mile) Sirmilik National Park, its Inuit name translating as, 'Place of The Glaciers'. Composed of three main components, the park encompasses the fjord of Oliver Sound with its towering cliffs and glaciers, the plateau and river valleys of the Borden Peninsula and the mountains, ice fields, ice caps and glaciers of Bylot Island. Among this most incredible and beautiful natural terrain, visitors have the chance of spotting Beluga whales, seals, walruses, narwhals, caribou, wolves and polar bears.
4. Sirmilik National Park
On Devon Island, at the northwestern end of Baffin Bay is the enormous Haughton Impact Crater, the remains of a meteor impact some 39 million years ago. Measuring 23 kilometres (14 miles) in diameter, its location as one of the highest altitude impact craters known on our planet has lead to its high level of preservation, being in a low erosion area of very little weathering. With a geology and climatology as close to Mars as can be had on Earth, it has been dubbed quite predictably as 'Mars On Earth'.
3. Haughton Impact Crater
In the extreme north of Ellesmere Island, at one of the most northerly points in Canada is the 37,775 square kilometre (14,585 square mile) Quttinirpaaq National Park, a name that translates to mean, 'Top Of The World'. The second most northerly national park on Earth after Northeast Greenland National Park, this vast protected area is also the second largest in Canada. Dominated by rocky mountains and ice, the terrain is a polar desert of barren mountains covered in ice caps and glaciers. The Barbeau Peak, sitting at a whopping 2,616 metres (8,583 ft) above sea level is the highest mountain in Nunavut. Its location and difficulty to get to makes it one of the countries least visited and most untouched locations.
2. Quttinirpaaq National Park
In the extreme east of the territory, at the eastern end of Baffin Island is the 21,470 square kilometre (8,290 square mile) Auyuittuq National Park, a name that translates as, 'The Land That Never Melts'. Encompassing an area of the Penny Highlands, the terrain is one of Arctic wilderness that includes fjords, rugged mountains, deep valleys, glaciers and ice fields. The parks most notable features include the 6,000 square kilometre (2,300 square mile) Penny Ice Cap, the 2,015 metre (6,611 ft) high flat topped cylindrical twin peaked Mount Asgard and the equally well known Mount Thor. With an almost flat cliff face, the overhanging cliff measures 1,250 metres (4,101 ft) to the valley floor, making it Earth's greatest vertical drop. The natural wonders of the Baffin Mountains within Auyuittuq National Park certainly make it one of Canada's most visually striking wilderness areas.