In the extreme south of the country, located on Maputo Bay to the south of the capital, Maputo, encompassing an area of some 774 square kilometres (299 square miles) is the Maputo Special Reserve. Forming part of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area that stretches across the borders with South Africa and Swaziland, it is home to a large number of African elephants, zebra, antelope, giraffe, crocodiles and many more species.
9. Quirimbas National Park
In the extreme north east of the country, straddling the Indian Ocean is the Quirimbas National Park, protecting an area of some 1,430 square kilometres (550 square miles) of coastal forest, mangroves and coral reefs. Isolated for decades during the Mozambican Civil War, it is an almost untouched area of mountains, forests, woodland, savannah, mangroves, coral reefs and beaches. Out to sea there is a variety of marine life including sea turtles and dolphins among thousand of species of fish, and a land population of elephants, lion, leopards and crocodiles among many other species.
8. Lake Niassa
In the extreme north west of the country, shared by Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique is Lake Niassa, known in Tanzania as Lake Nyasa, though more commonly known as Lake Malawi. This African great lake is the southern most in the East African Rift system, and the fourth largest fresh water lake in the world. Home to more species of fish than any other lake on Earth, around the lake area visitors have a good chance of spotting Nile crocodiles, hippopotamus and monkeys.
7. Limpopo National Park
In the south west of the country, connected across the border with Kruger National Park in South Africa and Gonarezhour National Park in Zimbabwe is Limpopo National Park, forming part of the enormous Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park that encompasses some 20,000 square kilometres (7,722 square mile) of protected land. Covering the high Kruger Mountains in the west, the park levels out in Mozambique to create a vast savannah of forest, woodland and rivers, home to mammals such as elephant, lion, leopard, rhinoceros, wildebeest, hyena, buffalo, giraffe, zebra, hippopotamus among many many more.
6. Island Of Mozambique
Just off the north eastern coast of the mainland, between the Mozambique Channel and Mossuril Bay is the Island Of Mozambique, the former capital of colonial Portuguese East Africa. With a rich history of being a Portuguese fortified city and trading post on the route to India, the remarkable architectural unity of the buildings dating from the 16th century onward has seen the Island Of Mozambique listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
5. Gorongosa National Park
In the southern centre of the country at the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley is the 4,000 square kilometre (1,544 square mile) Gorongosa National Park, a protected area centred around the 1,863 metre (6,112 ft) Mount Gorongosa. Situated on the valley floor, the landscape is a diverse mix of seasonally flooded plains, grasslands, savannah, dry forests, montane forests and desert termite hill thickets. Having once supported the densest wildlife population in Africa, the numbers were reduced as much as 95% during Mozambique's long civil war. With plans in place to re-invigorate the wildlife numbers in the park, visitors in the future will hopefully have access to the most diverse safari locations on the continent.
4. Chimanimani Transfrontier Park
In the west of the country, crossing the border with Zimbabwe is the Chimanimani Transfrontier Park, protecting and encompassing the high peaks of the Chimanimani Mountains. The parks highest point is Monte Binga, reaching a whopping 2,440 metres (8,004 ft) above sea level it is the highest mountain in Mozambique as well as the second highest in Zimbabwe. Isolated and rarely visited by locals or foreign tourists, the mountainous landscape is one of virgin evergreen forests in a location that has preserved its natural pristine beauty.
3. Mount Namuli
In the northern centre of the country stands that towering Mount Namuli, at 2,419 metres (7,935 ft) above sea level it is the second highest mountain in Mozambique. Surrounded by indigenous forests, the Namuli Massif consists of a level plateau with the granite dome of Mount Namuli rising above, making for an incredible and imposing sheer granite cliff that is among the most spectacular single peaks in the region.
2. Niassa Reserve
In the extreme north of the country, part of the Trans Frontier Conservation Area that connects across the border with Lukwika Lumesule Game Reserve in Tanzania is the Niassa Reserve, encompassing some 42,000 square kilometres (16,216 square miles) of protected land, a vast area comparable to the size of Denmark. One of the largest miombo woodland preserves in the world, miombo forest covers half the reserve, with the remainder made up of open savannah and wetlands. Boasting a significant number of mammals including many endangered species, the remoteness and lack of access makes it one of the least visited destinations in Mozambique.
1. Bazaruto Archipelago
In the south east of the country, in the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean is the Bazaruto Archipelago, made up of six distinct islands. The islands are surrounded by beautiful beaches and coral reefs close to the shore, considered among the best diving locations in the world. Regarded as a gem of Mozambique and a gift to the Earth, the Bazaruto Archipelago is the most iconic and celebrated location in the country.