Built in 2016 just outside the Kremlin is a 17 metre (56 ft) statue of Vladimir, the 10th century ruler of Kievan Rus who adopted Orthodox Christianity and is believed to be the founder of Ukraine and Russia.
20. Vladimir Monument
Built in 1967 to the north of the city centre, the Ostankino Television Tower stands at 540 metres (1,772 ft) high making it the tallest freestanding structure in Europe and the eleventh tallest in the world. At 337 metres (1,105 ft) high there is an observation deck allowing for amazing views across the city with a selection of restaurants on the level below.
19. Ostankino Television Tower
Cast in bronze in 1735 AD and now on display in the grounds of the Kremlin is the Tsar Bell, weighing 216 tons it is the heaviest bell in existence. A great fire within the Kremlin in 1737 AD caused irreparable damage to the bell and therefore it has never been suspended or rung.
18. Tsar Bell
Built in 1964 to commemorate the achievements of Soviet space exploration is the 107 metre (351 ft) Monument To The Conquerors Of Space, depicting a rocket rising on an exhaust plume.
Within the base of the monument is the Memorial Museum Of Cosmonautics which displays a wide variety of Soviet and Russian space related exhibits.
17. Monument To The Conquerors Of Space
There are many metro systems around the world, though few stations are as elaborately decorated as the Moscow Metro. Many were built as palaces for the people with high ceilings, big chandeliers, marble walls and floors, large murals and detailed artworks. Some of the most impressive stations are the Komsomolskaya, Kievskaya, Novoslobodskaya, Prospekt Mira, Park Pobedy, Shosse Entuziastov and Elektrozavodskay stations.
Pictured is the Mayakovskaya Metro.
16. Moscow Metro
On the 21st floor of the Lotte Hotel is the Kalina Bar, from which visitors can enjoy one of the finest views in the city. From one side it is possible to see the modern city skyscrapers and from the other many of Moscow's most iconic landmarks. Reviews from many sites suggest the food is poor and overpriced and the staff are rude, but whether or not that is true, the view will always remain exceptionally reliable.
15. Kalina Bar (View)
Built in the 17th century just south of the city centre is the Palace Of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, also known as the Great Wooden Palace, famed for its fanciful and fairy tale roofs. In the late 18th century after many years of abandonment the palace was demolished.
Fortunately the original detailed plans survived and what stands there today is a full scale reconstruction completed in 2010.
14. The Great Wooden Palace
In Red Square just outside the walls of the Kremlin is Lenin's Mausoleum, sometimes referred to as Lenin's Tomb. It is the current resting place of Russian Communist Revolutionary Vladimir Lenin whose embalmed body has been on display since his death in 1924.
13. Lenin's Mausoleum
At the time of opening in 1957 the 206 metre (676 ft) Hotel Ukraina was the tallest hotel in the world. Inspired by such structures as the Empire State Building and Chrysler Building in the United States, the Hotel Ukraina is one of a set of Neo-Classical Stalinist architectural constructions known as the Seven Sisters.
12. Hotel Ukraina
To the north east of the city centre is the Izmailovo Kremlin, constructed in a pseudo byzantine style it is more inspired by drawings of Russian fairy tales than on historical fortifications. The complex operates as an open air museum with bars, restaurants and many elaborate and colourful buildings.
11. Izmailovo Kremlin
To the west of the city centre is the Moscow International Business Centre, an area of tall striking skyscrapers tightly packed together creating a wonderful skyline. Within this complex is the Federation Tower, at 450 metres (1,475 ft) high it is the tallest building in Europe.
10. Moscow Skyscrapers
Built in 1872 AD between Red Square and Manege Square is the State Historical Museum, housing millions of artifacts from Russian history including priceless artworks. The building with its red facade in a Moscow Baroque style is one of the cities most striking landmarks.
9. State Historical Museum
Originally built in the 19th century, the original Cathedral Of Christ The Saviour was destroyed in 1931 on the orders of Joseph Stalin who wished to build an even bigger structure on the site. What stands there today is a full reconstruction of the original cathedral completed as recently as the year 2000, standing at a height of 103 metres (338 ft) it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
8. Cathedral Of Christ The Saviour
At the time of completion in 1953 the Moscow State University standing at 240 metres (787 ft) tall was the tallest building in Europe. The largest of a group of similar Stalinist buildings known as the Stalinist Skyscrapers or Seven Sisters, it remains the tallest educational building in the world.
7. Moscow State University
Constructed in 1997 is the Peter The Great Statue, built to commemorate 300 years of the Russian Navy. Weighing 1,000 tons it stands 98 metres (321 ft) high, making it the tallest statue in Europe, and as of 2017 the 6th tallest statue in the world.
6. Peter The Great Statue
South of the city centre is Kolomenskoye, a former royal estate of the grand princes of Moscow. The most exceptional structure on the site is the Ascension Church, built in white stone in 1532 AD to commemorate the long awaited heir to the throne, the man who would later be known as Ivan The Terrible. Considered a masterpiece of Russian architecture it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Established in 1524 AD, The New Maidens Monastery or Novodevichy Convent is a collection of historical buildings enclosed within high walls with twelve towers. At its centre is the five domed Smolensky Cathedral, built in 1525 AD it is the oldest structure in the convent and holds some of the finest frescoes in Russia. Having such incredible architectural and historical importance the convent has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
4. Novodevichy Convent
The central square of the capital, known as Red Square, is one of the most famous city squares on Earth, surrounded by buildings that are some of the most well known on the planet. From it visitors can see the Kremlin Walls & Towers, the famous GUM Department Store, Kazan Cathedral, the State Historical Museum, St. Basil's Cathedral and the Iberian Gate & Chapel.
With such significant links to Russian history from the 13th century onward, Red Square and the Kremlin are inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
3. Red Square
Built in 1495 AD the Moscow Kremlin, meaning 'Fortress Inside A City' is the most famous of all the Kremlin's of Russia. It is a 2.2 square kilometre walled complex with twenty towers at the heart of Moscow containing five palaces and four cathedrals of invaluable historical importance. The Grand Kremlin Palace was built in 1849 AD and has been the official residence of the President of The Russian Federation ever since.
The Moscow Kremlin along with the adjoining Red Square has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Moscow Kremlin
Officially known as the Cathedral Of The Protection Of The Most Holy Theotokos On The Moat, sometimes referred to as the Cathedral Of Vasily The Blessed, it is more commonly known as Saint Basil's Cathedral.
Built in 1561 AD on the orders of Ivan The Terrible it was designed to imitate a flame, something that bears no architectural similarity to anything from any period of Russian history, it is a true one off. Standing at a mere 47 metres (156 ft) high this unique, highly elaborate and decorative building has become one of the most famous, iconic and instantly recognisable landmarks on Earth. Unsurprisingly it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.