Built around 1000 AD, directly north from the capital, Luxembourg City, is the medieval Bourscheid Castle. Standing 150 metres (492 ft) above the Sure River, the eleven watch towered castle sits within an enclosed circular wall. Repaired and restored over the centuries, it was in the 19th century after the collapse of the chapel the castle faced its biggest challenge, the impending demolition. Having become a listed site, in the 1970's the castle underwent extensive repairs, allowing it to remain a wonderful historic building above the town of Bourscheid.
5. Château De Bourscheid
In the north west of the country, directly west of Bourscheid is the small town of Esch-Sur-Sure, the smallest commune in Luxembourg. Home to just over 300 people, this tiny town is dominated by the remains of its prominent castle, sitting on a spur of land above the tightly knit townhouses, often regarded to be the quaintest town in the country.
In the centre of the country, to the north east of the capital, Luxembourg City, is the commune and town of Larochette. Dominated by the partly ruined Larochette Castle, the pretty town is made up of sprawling townhouses surrounded by green verdant forest, a perfect location for those wanting an urban getaway to a lesser visited location than Luxembourg City.
Constructed in a Romanesque style in the 11th century, updated with Gothic features thereafter, located in the north east of the country, close to the border with Germany is the medieval Vianden Castle, one of the largest fortified castles west of the Rhine. Standing on a 100 metre (328 ft) rocky promontory above the town of Vianden, this beautiful castle fell into disrepair throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Fully restored in the 20th century, it is today the most well known castle in Luxembourg, and thankfully remains one of the most beautiful in Europe.
2. Château De Vianden
In the southern centre of the country is the largest, most populated and capital city of the Grand Duchy Of Luxembourg, better known simply as Luxembourg City. Settled from the Middle Ages, playing a part in all the great kingdoms of central Europe over the centuries, the city is awash with historical buildings and wondrous architecture. Situated on a plateau, the city straddles hills on several levels thatdrop into tree covered gorges that have become public parks and walking paths. With such a wealth of history, the old quarters and fortifications of Luxembourg City have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.