Constructed in 2003 to the west of the centre of the city is the Amideva Buddha Park, an important location for Tibetan pilgrims. Usually busy with monkeys from the nearby Monkey Temple, the highlight of the park is the three large golden Buddhas built to honour Nepalese Buddhist culture.
7. Amideva Buddha Park
Founded in 1969 in the north eastern outskirts of the city, built atop the high Kopan Hill is the Kopan Monastery, famous for teaching westerners the Gelug tradition of Tibetan Mahayana Buddhism. Visitors can enjoy the terraced gardens and the ornate interior of the monastery, with its vantage point offering magnificent views over the fields of the Kathmandu Valley.
6. Kopan Monastery
In the north eastern outskirts of the city, slightly east of Kopan Monastery is the Tibetan Buddhist Amitabha Monastery. This beautiful buildings sits high atop the Druk Amitabha Mountain, offering visitors access to some great hiking trails and wonderful views over the Kathmandu Valley.
5. Amitabha Monastery
Dating to around the 5th century AD, to the west of the city centre is the stupa of Swayambhunath, one of the oldest and most visited religious sites in Nepal. The complex consists of a variety of shrines and ancient temples, being a place that is today revered by both Hindus and Buddhists. Its history and sacred significance has made it the second most important location for Tibetan Buddhists after the nearby Boudhanath Stupa.
East of the centre of the city, along the banks of the sacred Bagmati River in the Kathmandu Valley is the Pashupatinath Temple Complex, an extensive Hindu temple precinct that incorporates 518 temples and monuments that date from the 11th century onward. With such a wealth of ancient historical buildings, temples, ashrams, images and inscriptions, the entire complex has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Pashupatinath Temple
Dating from around the 6th century AD, situated to the east of the city centre along the ancient trade route from Tibet is the Bouddha Stupa, more commonly referred to as the Boudhanath. Dominating the skyline, the giant stupa stands at 36 metres (118 ft) high making it one of the largest stupas in the world. Said to entomb the remains of Kassapa Buddha, the site is also one of the most important religious relics of Tibetan Buddhism. One of the most important historical sites in Kathmandu, as well as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the region, the Boudhanath has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
At the heart of the capital is one of the most visited, most famous and most celebrated historical locations in Nepal, Kathmandu Durbar Square, one of the three royal palaces in the Kathmandu Valley that date from the former Kathmandu Kingdom. The site of the Hanuman Dhoka Palace Complex, the royal Nepalese residence until the 19th century, it was a place of spectacular architecture showcasing the skills of the Newar artists and craftsmen spanning several centuries. Having been damaged by natural disasters and neglect, having undergone reconstruction and additions throughout the centuries, the site is a merging of architecture dating back 1,700 years. Sadly, in 2015 a major earthquake hit Nepal severely damaging the square and reducing several buildings to rubble. Despite its part destruction, Kathmandu Durbar Square remains a UNESCO World Heritage Site.