In the south west of the country, separated by river bridge from Cameroon is the capital and largest city in Chad, the city of N'Djamena. Relatively small and low lying, it is most noted for its local daily markets. The biggest attraction is a square known as the Place De La Nation, with modern statues, art pieces and a metal triumphal arch.
Pictured is the Place De La Nation.
In the far south of the country, just north of the border with the Central African Republic is the 120 square kilometre (46 square mile) Manda National Park, protecting an area of Chad's most well preserved savannah ecosystem. Made up of wooded savannah, dense woodland and grassy floodplain, it is a haven for wildlife and wildlife watchers in the region.
9. Manda National Park
In the south west of the country, just north of the capital, N'jamena, crossing the borders of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria is the 1,350 square kilometre (520 square mile) Lake Chad, the largest lake in the Chad basin. Located on the edge of the Sahara Desert, it provides drinking water to over 30 million people, and is a significant landmark for the people of Chad.
8. Lake Chad
In the south east of the country, just north of the border with the Central African Republic is the 3,000 square kilometre (1,200 square mile) Zakouma National Park, the oldest and most protected area of land in Chad. The landscape is one of shrubland, grassland and acacia forests, home to such species as antelope, buffalo, elephant, giraffe, leopard, lion and many, many more. As such Zakouma National Park is the premier safari location in Chad.
7. Zakouma National Park
In the north east of the country, within the remote landscape of the Ennedi Plateau is the Guelta d'Archei, regarded to be the most famous wadi in the Sahara Desert. Home to the last surviving colony of Saharan crocodile and a large number of camels that stop to drink, it is an oasis among the steep arid cliffs and narrow gorges of the desert. Visitors will require a 4x4 vehicle, and then a 30 minute trek to get to Guetla d'Archei.
6. Guelta d'Archei
In the northern centre of the country, at the south eastern end of the Tibesti mountain range in the central Sahara is the shield volcano of Emi Koussoul. Standing 3,415 metres (11,204 ft) above sea level it is the highest peak in the Sahara. Measuring over 60 kilometres (37 miles) wide, two nested calderas cap this vast volcano, creating a terrain of numerous lava domes, cinder cones and lava flows.
5. Emi Koussi
In the northern centre of the country, within a hot and super arid area of the Sahara Desert are 18 freshwater bodies of water known as the Ounianga Lakes. Connected underground in an area where only 2 millimetres of rainfall area measured every year, they are true oasis of the desert. The Ounianga Lakes have been declare a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
4. Ounianga Lakes
In the extreme north of the country, running some 380 kilometres (240 miles) in length within the central Sahara Desert are the Tibesti Mountains, meaning Place Where The Mountain People Live. Consisting of high mountains peaks and five large shield volcanoes, the ranges highest point is the 3,415 metre (11,204 ft) Emi Koussi, also the tallest mountain in Chad. Made up of rugged mountains, volcanoes, volcanic spires and large canyons filled with desert sand, it is one of the finest landscapes in the country.
3. Tibesti Mountains
In the north east of the country, covering an area of some 60,000 square kilometres (23,000 square miles) within the Sahara is the Ennedi Plateau, an arid sandstone highland of picturesque terrain and amazing natural formations. The landscape includes structures such as towers, pillars, bridges and arches, formed over thousands of years through wind and water erosion. The incredible landscape combined with the discovery of ancient cave paintings has designated the Natural & Cultural Landscape of the Ennedi Massif a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Ennedi Plateau
In the far north west of the country, within the Tibesti Mountains close to the border with Niger is the Trou Au Natron, meaning Hole Of Natron. Situated at an elevation of 2,450 metres (8,040 ft) above sea level, the caldera measures approximately 7 kilometres (4.5 miles) in diameter and up to 1,000 metres (3,330 ft) deep. On the caldera floor are numerous smaller vents, hot springs and four smaller volcanic cones sitting on a crust of carbonated salt named the Soda Lake.