In the extreme south east of the country is the 2,382 square kilometre (920 square mile) Boumba Bek National Park, named after the two rivers that cut through the park. The terrain of the park is semi evergreen lowland rainforest, swamp forest and grassy savannah, home to animals such as crocodile, antelope, chimpanzee and the one of the highest population densities of African forest elephant anywhere in the world.
10. Boumba Bek National Park
In the north of the country, covering an area of some 1,800 square kilometres (690 square miles) within the Benoue savannah belt is Benoue National Park, a humid woodland teeming with wildlife. Home to elephants, spotted hyena, monkey, waterbuck and buffalo among many more species, the park is most well known for its huge hippopotamus colonies.
9. Benoue National Park
Northwest from the capital, Yaounde, close to the border with Nigeria is Lake Nyos, a deep crater lake high within an inactive volcano in the Oku Volcanic Plain. Located at an elevation of 1,091 metres (3,579 ft) above sea level, a pocket of magma lies beneath the lake and leaks carbon dioxide into the water, changing it into carbonic acid. This natural phenomenon causes a limnic eruption, a rare type of natural disaster in which dissolved carbon dioxide erupts from deep lake water, forming a gas cloud capable of suffocating any living thing in the vicinity. In 1986, Lake Nyos emitted an enormous gas cloud that suffocated 1,746 people and 3,500 livestock in nearby towns and villages. One of only three known exploding lakes to erupt in this way, it is extremely rare.
8. Lake Nyos
In the south west of the country, straddling the border with Nigeria is the 1,260 square kilometre (486 square mile) Korup National Park, a vast landscape of undisturbed primary forest. One of the oldest and richest tropical forests on the continent, it is the most accessible within Cameroon, with a network of trails open to visitors all year round. The highlight of the forest are its primate inhabitants, making for one of the best primate viewing locations in the region.
7. Korup National Park
In the extreme north of the country, within a thin corridor of land between Chad and Nigeria is the 1,700 square kilometre (656 square mile) Waza National Park, preserving and conserving a very important savannah habitat for hundreds of species. Home to one of the largest mammal populations in Central Africa, visitors looking to safari have the chance to spot African bush elephant, lion, hyena, gazelle, cheetah, West African giraffe, ostriches, vervet monkey among many more species.
6. Waza National Park
In the south west of the country, northwest from the capital, Yaounde, is Mount Manengouba, an ancient stratovolcano with an elevation of 2,411 metres (7,910 ft) above sea level. Considered one of the best hikes in the country, the trail takes visitors from the forest floor up to where the meandering green hills and great open plains allow views over the surrounding terrain, and the twin lakes that have formed in the craters of Mount Manengouba.
5. Mount Manengouba National Park
Directly west of the capital, Yaounde, close to the Gulf Of Guinea is Mount Cameroon, also known as the Mountain Of Greatness. Located within an area of volcanic activity known as the Cameroon Volcanic Line, its elevation of 4,040 metres (13,250 ft) above sea level and its near identical prominence over the surrounding plains makes it the highest peak in Cameroon, the fourth most prominent peak on the African continent and the 31st most prominent peak in the world.
4. Mount Cameroon
In the south west of the country, north west from the capital, Yaounde, close to Mount Manengouba in the Western High Plateau is the spectacular Chutes d'Ekom, or Ekom Nkam Waterfall. Rushing over a cliff edge in jungle surroundings, the waterfall crashes 80 metres (262 ft) to the river below, creating one of the most spectacular falls in Africa.
3. Ekom-Nkam Waterfall
In the extreme south east of the country, close to where the borders of Cameroon, the Central African Republic and the Republic Of The Congo meet, is the 2,178 square kilometre (841 square mile) Lobeke National Park, protecting a vast area of evergreen forest within the Congo basin. The park is home to a wealth of animal species, with some of the highest densities of African forest elephant and western lowland gorilla in the world. Part of the Sangha Trinational Forest, the entire shared region has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Lobeke National Park
In the far north west of the country, running approximately 190 kilometres (118 miles) along the border with Nigeria are the Mandara Mountains, a magnificently rugged terrain formed by ancient volcanic activity. With the surrounding landscape eroded over time, the huge needle like spires of volcanic cones remain, creating the beautiful and unusual scenery the region is now renowned for.