In the northern centre of the country, north of city of Salzburg, close to the German border is an Austrian village made famous for it's interesting name. Pronounced in German to rhyme with 'pushing', the road signs were stolen so often that they were all made theft proof.

20. Fucking


Completed in 1736 in the town of Melk in the north east of the country, to the west of the capital, Vienna, is the Baroque Benedictine Melk Abbey, overlooking the old town and the river Danube. This vast monastery built on a mound high above the town is as striking inside as it is outside, filled with ornate decorative and detailed frescoes. The town along with the domed Melk Abbey sits within the Wachau Cultural Landscape, all of which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

19. Stift Melk


In the far west of the country, outside the town of Reutte, close to the border with Germany is the Highline 179, spanning 406 metres (1,332 ft) it is the longest Tibetan style pedestrian suspension bridge in the world. Connecting the Ehrenburg ruins with Fort Claudia the bridge hangs 114 metres (376 ft) above the ground in absolute picture perfect surroundings.

18. Highline 179


In the extreme west of the country where the Silvretta Alps form the natural border with Switzerland is the Silvretta Hochalpenstrasse High Alpine Road, a ribbon of perfect highway considered one of the finest drivings roads in Austria. From the Bielerhohe Pass and pristine Silvretta Reservoir, 2,037 metres (6,683 ft) above sea leve,l the road cuts through the highest peaks of the Silvretta Range, with steep turns, sharp bends and superb vast panorama's across it's entire length.

17. Silvretta High Alpine Road


In the east of the country close to the city of Klagenfurt near the border with Slovenia is the Wörthersee, or Lake Worth, Carinthia's largest lake. Surrounded by mountains, large forests and small villages the lake is one of Europe's warmest, and a major attraction in the summer.

Pictured is the Pyramidenkogel Observation Tower. Built in 2013 at the top of the Pyramidenkogel Mountain, 850 metres (2,788 ft) above sea level, standing at 100 metres (328 ft) tall it is the highest wooden viewing tower in the world. This wonderful piece of eye catching architecture gives visitors a superb view over the Worthesee and surrounding countryside.

16. Wörthersee


In the north of the country, east of the city of Salzburg, standing 1,783 metres (5,849 ft) above sea level is the Schafberg Mountain. At it's peak is the Hotel Schafbergspitze, built in 1862 it makes a magical location to spend any night. Visitors can get to the summit using the Schafberg Railway from the beautiful town of St. Wolfgang im Salzkammergut, where they will be met with wonderful panoramic views of mountains and lakes.

15. Schafberg


In the far west of the country, within the thin strip of land between the borders of Germany, Italy and Switzerland is a 600 square kilometre (231 square mile) area of protected land, Kaunergrat Nature Park, encompassing the Kaunergrat Mountain Range. This protected area of unspoint nature with it's high peaks towering above the deep Kaunertal and Pitztal Valleys makes for one of the countries most pristine landscapes.

14. Naturpark Kaunergrat


Built in 1078 AD atop a 155 metre (509 ft) high rock above the town of Werfen, south of the city of Salzburg, is the beautiful Hohenwerfen Castle. Surrounded by the high peaks of the Berchtesgaden Alps and Tennenbirge Mountain Range this already visually striking medieval castle is made to appear even more impressive by the incredible landscape within which it stands. Certainly one of the finest fortifications on the entire continent.

13. Festung Hohenwerfen


First built in 860 AD in the south east of the country, north of the city of Klagenfurt near the border with Slovenia is one of Europe's most impressive, and one of Austria's finest medieval castles, Hochosterwitz Castle. Sitting atop and wrapping itself around a 172 metre (564 ft) Dolomite rock it has long been the regions major attraction. On a clear day it can be seen from up to 30 kilometres (19 miles) away, and from the castle itself if offers fantastic views across the surrounding landscape.

12. Burg Hochosterwitz


In the northern centre of the country on the border with Germany is the charming city of Salzburg, Austria's fourth largest city, the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the setting for the 1960's classic film starring Julie Andrews, The Sound Of Music. With wonderful views of the Eastern Alps, the city is famed for it's medieval and Baroque architecture, often cited as one of the most picturesque cities in the world. The entire historic centre of Salzburg along with it's iconic hilltop fortress has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Pictured from the Kapitelplatz is the Hohensalzburg Castle.

11. Salzburg


The northern central region of Salzkammergut is an area known for it's beautiful lakes and Alpine mountains, and one of the jewels of this region is the Vordere Gosausee, sometimes known as Lake Gosau. This picturesque mountain lake with a view of the Dachstein Glacier, surrounded by thick alpine forests and the peaks of the Gosaukamm is one of the countries most picture perfect and tranquil locations.

10. Vordere Gosausee


At the northern end of the Grossglockner High Alpine Road is one of the countries most beautiful towns, Zell Am See. Protruding into Lake Zell, nestled between the Kitzbuhel Alps at the foot of the 1,965 metre (6,447 ft) high Schmittenhohe Mountain it is another of Austria's postcard villages. Whether it be for summer swimming in the lake and trekking in the mountains, or winter skiing and sitting by open fires in tiny cabins, Zell Am See has something for any time of the year.

9. Zell Am See


The High Tauern Mountain Range on the main chain of the Eastern Alps comprises the highest peaks east of the Brenner Pass, and encompassing this area of extreme natural beauty is the High Tauern National Park. Covering an area of some 1,834 square kilometres (708 square miles) it is the largest nature reserve in Austria, as well as the entire alpine region. Home to high mountains, glaciers, waterfalls, large valleys and enormous forests it is one of the most spectacular natural landscapes in Europe.

8. Hohe Tauern National Park


In the far west of the country within the thin strip of land between the borders of Germany and Switzerland, hidden among the Northern Limestone Alps is the Spullersee mountain lake. Set at an altitude of 1,826 metres (5,990 ft) above sea level, encircled by high peaks over the Lech Valley the Spullersee is a picture perfect lake in equally beautiful surroundings.

7. Spullersee


In the far east of the country close to the border with Slovakia, Czech Republic and Hungary is Austria's capital city, Vienna. With former residents such as Mozart and Beethoven it is regarded the 'City Of Music', and with it being home to the worlds first psycho analyst, Sigmund Freud, it is also said to be the 'City Of Dreams'.

With so much rich architecture including Baroque castles and gardens, grand buildings and monuments, the entire historic centre of Vienna has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

With so much on offer, click here for the Must See Locations In Vienna...

6. Vienna


Discovered in 1879 and opened to the public in 1920 is the Eisriesenwelt, translated as, 'The World Of The Ice Giants'. At an elevation of 1,656 metres (5,433 ft) above sea level it extends more than 42 kilometres (26 miles) into the Hochkogel Mountain and holds the title of the largest ice cave on Earth. Open from May until mid October the interior of the cave remains below freezing. Inside the cave visitors can see amazing ice formations in what is considered a wonder of the natural world.

5. Eisriesenwelt


Within the northern central region of Salzhammergut, known for it's beautiful lakes and Alpine mountains, standing at 2,995 metres (9,826 ft) above sea level is the Dachstein Mountain. At it's summit visitors will find the Dachstein Suspension Bridge spanning some of the Austria's highest peaks and leading them towards the Ice Palace. Other points of interest include the Dachstein Stairway To Nothingness, an overhanging stairway that leads down to a glass platform. There is also the Dachstein Skywalk, another viewing platform that is considered one of the finest lookouts in the Alps.

Pictured is the Dachstein Skywalk.

4. Hoher Dachstein


South of Innsbruck on Austria's southern border with Italy is the Olpererhutte, at 2,388 metres (7,834 ft) it is a German alpine mountain refuge hut with an astonishing view. Originally built in 1881, it was then re-built in 2006 as the foundations were no longer stable. From the hut visitors will have an unbelievable panoramic view of the snow capped mountains and Schlegeisspeicher reservoir. It is an absolute picture perfect location and everything you'd expect from Austria's beautiful landscape.

3. Olpererhütte


South east of the city of Salzburg in the beautiful Salzhammergut region is the village of Hallstatt, home to the first known salt mine. Situated on the southwestern shore of the Hallstätter See next to the steep slopes of the Dachstein massif, the village is famed for it's picturesque 16th century houses and Gothic church surrounded by exceptionally beautiful scenery. Often considered to be one of the prettiest and most picture perfect villages in Europe, it is certainly one of Austria's finest.

2. Hallstatt


In the centre of the country, connecting the states of Salzburg and Carinthia is the Grossglockner High Alpine Road, one of the most scenic and dramatic routes in the Alps, and certainly one of the best driving roads in Europe. Named after the countries highest peak, the road leads to the Grossglockner, standing 3,798 metres (12,461 ft) above sea level, with the Hoctor Pass taking drivers up to 2,504 metres (8,215 ft) above sea level.

Combining with Austria's highest mountain to make the finest sight in the country is the Pasterze Glacier, the largest glacier in Austria. Currently it loses 10 metres (33 ft) of it's length each year, and since the glacier was first measured in 1851 it has lost half of it's volume. Despite this, the view from the Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe Visitor Centre is simply spectacular.

1. Grossglockner & Pasterze Glacier

The 20 best places to visit in Austria

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