Completed in 1854 AD in Sintra, just west of the Portuguese capital, Lisbon, is the Pena Palace, one of the most incredible and iconic castle structures in Europe. Sitting atop a high hill in the Sintra Mountains, from its vantage point it is possible on a clear day to see as far as Lisbon, some 30 kilometres away. This most beautiful Romanesque Revival castle in its magical location is a national monument of Portugal, shortlisted within the top twenty to have become one of the New 7 Wonders and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
10. Palácio Da Pena
Completed in 1889 AD for the entrance to the World Fair, the Eiffel Tower is the most visited paid monument in the world and has become the ultimate symbol of France. Made from wrought iron it stands a whopping 324 metres (1,063 ft) high and was the tallest man made structure on Earth until 1930. With a viewing deck at 276 metres (906 ft) above ground level it holds the record as the highest public observation deck in Europe. A truly global cultural icon of France, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most recognisable man made structures on the planet.
9. Tour Eiffel
Built in 1859 AD in the English capital, London, it was known as The Clock Tower until it was officially re-named The Elizabeth Tower in 2012 to celebrate the diamond jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. The intricately detailed Gothic tower stands at 96 metres (315 ft) high next to the equally beautifully detailed Palace Of Westminster. The interior is not open to overseas visitors, though residents of the United Kingdom are able to arrange a tour if they book well in advance.
The main bell, officially known as The Great Bell is better known as 'Big Ben'. Officially one of the most visited attractions on Earth it is the ultimate iconic symbol of London and the United Kingdom.
8. Elizabeth Tower & Palace Of Westminster
Built in 1886 AD in the extreme south of Germany, in the town of Schwangau close to the Austrian border is probably the most well known castle structure on Earth, Neuschwanstein Castle, translated as 'New Swanstone Castle'. Highly stylish, impeccably decorated inside and out, it became the global symbol of the era of Romanticism, nominated in the twenty strong shortlist to be considered for one of the New 7 Wonders Of The World. The inspiration for Walt Disney's Sleeping Beauty Castle, this majestic 19th century Romanesque Revival styled fortress is without question one of the most picturesque pieces of architecture in Europe, if not the entire planet.
7. Schloss Neuschwanstein
Built in 537 AD in Istanbul, Turkey, under the orders of Byzantine Emperor Justinian is the Greek Orthodox Christian Basilica known as the Hagia Sophia. Designed to be the most astounding building ever built, its interior was decorated with frescoes, mosaics, marble pillars and rich artworks brought in from around the kingdom. Converted into a mosque when the Ottoman's conquered Constantinople, the Hagia Sophia provided the architectural inspiration for many of the Ottoman era mosques that were to follow. Today, operating as a secular museum it has remained one of the finest constructions in history. The greatest surviving masterpiece of Byzantine architecture was the greatest cathedral of its time, and had remained the largest in the world for over 1,000 years, until it was surpassed in size by Seville Cathedral. The most iconic single landmark in all of Turkey as well as the countries most visited site, the Hagia Sophia is considered a masterpiece in human history. It was shortlisted as a contender for one of the New 7 Wonders Of The World and is undoubtedly the single most important landmark in Istanbul's historic UNESCO World Heritage Site.
6. Hagia Sophia
Officially known as the Cathedral Of The Protection Of The Most Holy Theotokos On The Moat, sometimes referred to as the Cathedral Of Vasily The Blessed it is more commonly known as Saint Basil's Cathedral.
Built in 1561 AD in the Russian capital, Moscow, on the orders of Ivan The Terrible it was designed to imitate a flame, something that bears no architectural similarity to anything from any period of Russian history, it is a true one off. Standing at a mere 47 metres (156 ft) high this unique, highly elaborate and decorative building has become one of the most famous, iconic and instantly recognisable landmarks on Earth. Unsurprisingly it has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
5. St. Basil's Cathedral
Designed by Antoni Gaudi, The Basilica And Expiatori Church of The Holy Family is known worldwide as simply, The Sagrada Familia.
Building began in 1882 AD in the Spanish city of Barcelona, and it is hoped that it will be completed by 2026. Upon completion the spire will have a height of 170 metres (560 ft), making it the tallest church in the world. It is intentionally 1 metre shorter than the Montjuic Hill as Gaudi believed his creation should not surpass Gods.
One of the most iconic and unique buildings on Earth, it is a national monument, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it also made the final shortlist for one of the wonders of the world. It is indeed a work of art.
4. Temple Expiatori De La Sagrada Família
Built around the 13th century in the southern Spanish city of Granada, the Alhambra is a sprawling hilltop fortress complex that encompasses royal palaces, viewing patios, reflecting pools, fountains, orchards and landscape gardens. One of the countries most visited attractions as well as one of the most famous buildings on the planet, the Alhambra is a jewel of man made construction within stunning natural surroundings. Certainly one of the most incredible fortified palaces on the continent, shortlisted as a candidate for one of the New 7 Wonders Of The World, it has unsurprisingly been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. The Alhambra
Constructed throughout the 5th century BC in the Greek capital, Athens, built upon a rocky outcrop overlooking the centre of the city, The Acropolis Of Athens is an ancient citadel containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historical importance, the most significant of which is undoubtedly the Parthenon. The ruins of the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Propylaia, the Theatre of Dionysus and Temple of Athena Nike make up the site, one of the worlds most iconic, famous and important historical structures. Having missed out on being an original Wonder Of The World because the Greeks felt it unfair to vote on their own creation, it was also nominated in the shortlist of the New 7 Wonders Of The World. The centre of the ancient Greek world, one of the most visited tourist destination on the planet, the Acropolis Of Athens is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of insurmountable importance.
2. Acropolis Of Athens
Constructed around 80 AD in the Italian capital, Rome, by the emperors of the Flavian Dynasty, even named in Latin as the Flavian Amphitheatre, it is better known throughout the world simply as the Colosseum. It is the largest amphitheatre ever built, the most popular attraction in the city, and though partially ruined by earthquakes and stone robbers it remains the iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and the country of Italy as a whole. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site of insurmountable historical importance, The Colosseum of Rome as a marvel of humanity has also been recognised as one of the New 7 Wonders Of The World.