The 10 must see natural wonders of Europe

 

Country: France

In the south east of France, west of Nice, sometimes called the Grand Canyon Du Verdon, is the stunning river canyon known as the Verdon Gorge. Running for 25 kilometres (15.5 miles) in total, between Castellane and Moustiers-Saint-Marie the canyon walls reach up to 700 metres (2,296 ft) above the river below, and is often regarded to be one of Europe's most incredible river canyon's. Close to the French Riviera, the gorge has become a major tourist attraction, and a favourite among rock climbers and kayakers who wish to get lost among one of the Europe's great natural wonders. 

10. Gorges Du Verdon

 

Country: Montenegro

In the north west of Montenegro, in the protected area of Durmitor National Park is the huge Tara River Canyon, also known as the Tara River Gorge. With depths of 1,300 metres (4,265 ft), surrounded by almost fifty peaks above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level, eighteen glacial lakes scattered over the mountains and massif, the canyon runs for 80 kilometres (50 miles), making it one of the largest canyons on Earth.

9. Kanjon Rijeke Tare

 

Country: Slovenia

In the south west of Slovenia, close to the border with Italy is the world renowned Skocjan Cave system, a vast underground canyon of such exceptional volume it makes for one of the most famous underground features on the planet. Ranking among the most important caves in the world, this jewel of Slovenia has been acknowledged as one of the natural treasures of the planet as well as a natural and cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site.

8. Skocjanske Jame

 

Country: Switzerland

In the south west of Switzerland, forming part of the natural border with Italy is the famous Matterhorn, standing 4,478 metres (14,692 ft) above sea level it is the sixth tallest peak in the Alps. Translated as 'The Peak Of Meadows', sometimes referred to as the 'Mountain Of Mountains', it is undoubtedly the most famous mountain in Europe, with a reputation as one of the deadliest in the world. Famous for its near symmetrical pyramidal peak, it has become the iconic emblem of the Alps Mountain range.

7. The Matterhorn

 

Country: Croatia

In the northern centre of Croatia, close to the border with Bosnia & Herzegovina, within the protected national park of the same name are the world famous Plitvice Lakes, a world renowned chain of sixteen cascading terraced lakes joined by waterfalls with distinctive colours, ranging from azure to green, grey to blue, changing constantly depending on the mineral content and angle of sunlight. Often cited as the ultimate must see natural wonders of Europe, it is certainly one of the finest locations on the continent. A jewel of nature, a protected natural wonder of Croatia, the entire Plitvice Lakes National Park has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

6. Plitvicka Jezera

 

Country: Norway

Running along most of Norway's south western coast are the scars of retreating glaciers, long narrow inlets with steep sides that we call fjords. Found on coastlines around the world, Norway is home to some of the largest, the most accessible, and the most stunningly beautiful on the planet. Some that are particularly noteworthy are the breathtakingly beautiful Geirangerfjord, the equally incredible Lysefjord, and the enormous Sognefjord. Cutting inland approximately 205 kilometres (127 miles) the enormous Sognefjord has been nicknamed The King Of Fjords, as it is the largest and deepest in Norway, and the second largest in the world. Branching from this enormous fjord is the 18 kilometre (11 mile) long Nærøyfjord, noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

5. Norwegian Fjords

 

Country: Iceland

Just south from the Icelandic capital, Reykjavik, within the incredible landscape of the Reykjanesfólkvangur, visitors can witness one of the worlds most unique sights, the Thrihnukagigur, literally translated as 'Three Peaks Crater'. Discovered in 1974, opened to tourists in 2012, this dormant volcano is the only volcano in the world where visitors can descend into the magma chamber, making for a truly unique experience.

4. Thrihnukagigur

 

Country: Austria

Discovered in 1879 in Austria, south of the city of Salzburg close to the border with Germany, and opened to the public in 1920 is the Eisriesenwelt, translated as 'The World Of The Ice Giants'. Located at an elevation of 1,656 metres (5,433 ft) above sea level it extends more than 42 kilometres (26 miles) into the Hochkogel Mountain and holds the title of the largest ice cave on Earth. Open from May until mid October the interior of the cave remains below freezing. Inside the cave visitors can see amazing and unusual ice formations in what is considered a wonder of the natural world. 

3. Eisriesenwelt

 

Country: Svalbard, Norway

North of mainland Europe, located in the Arctic Ocean on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard is the continents largest ice cap, the Austfonna. With the connecting Vegafonna ice cap, this giant ice sheet covers some 8,492 square kilometres (3,279 square miles) of land with an ice dome that reaches 783 metres (2,569 ft) above sea level.

2. Austfonna

 

Country: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland & Russia

Known as the Northern Lights, the Polar Lights, the Aurora Borealis and sometimes simply as the Aurora, it is a spectacular natural phenomenon caused by solar winds crashing into the magnetosphere in the upper atmosphere. Predominantly seen in the high altitude regions of the planet, the Aurora is not unique to Europe, but is easily viewed from locations in the north of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland. Appearing frequently in the winter months with displays of green, red and even blue lights spreading across the skies, it is arguably Earths single most incredible spectacle.

1. The Aurora

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